References > Spinel
First draft: January 2nd, 2014 | Last update: January 2nd, 2014 | References: 26

Anonymous (1936). An Unusual Spinel. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Spring), p. 8.

Anonymous (1938). Toughness of Spinel. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 2, No. 10 (Summer), p. 174.

Baldy, J. & Cante, S. (2001). Le spinelle en Gemmologie. Diplôme d'Université de Gemmologie (DUG) Dissertation, University of Nantes (in French).

Bosi, F., Hålenius, U., Andreozzi, G.B., Skogby, H. & Lucchesi, S. (2007). Structural refinement of Mn-doped spinel: a case for tetrahedrally coordinated Mn3+ in an oxygen-based structure. American Mineralogist, Vol. 92, pp. 27-33. American Mineralogist Tables of Contents

Cornejo, C. & Bartorelli, A. (2009). Spinel In: Minerals & Precious Stones of Brazil, p. 283. Solaris Cultural Publications, São Paulo, Brazil, 704 p. ISBN 978-85-89820-08-0.

Dickson, B.L. & Smith, G. (1976). Low temperature optical absorption and Mössbauer spectra of staurolite and spinel. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 14, pp. 206-215. The Canadian Mineralogist Tables of Contents

Gaffney, E.S. (1973). Spectra of tetrahedral Fe2+ in MgAl2O4. Physical Review B, Vol. 8, Issue 7, pp. 3484-3486. abstract

Gübelin, E.J. (1942). Genuine Type Inclusions in New European Synthetics. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Summer), pp. 18-21.

Gübelin, E.J. (1983). Mini-Spinels in Spinel In: Internal World of Gemstones. Documents from Space and Time, pp. 180-184. 3rd edition. ABC Edition, Zürich, Switzerland, 234 p. ISBN 3-85504-030-3.
Note: 1st Edition (1973). Innenwelt der Edelsteine. Urkunde aus Raum und Zeit. ABC Edition, Zürich, Switzerland, 233 p. ISBN 3-85504-030-3 (in German; ISBN checked in the original copies).

Gübelin, E.J. & Koivula, J.I. (1997). Spinel and its Inclusions In: Photoatlas of Inclusions in Gemstones, pp. 372-382. 3rd revised edition. ABC Edition, Zürich, Switzerland, 532 p., ISBN 3-85504-095-8.

Gübelin, E.J. & Koivula, J.I. (2005). Inclusions in Gems of Commercial Importance: Spinel In: Photoatlas of Inclusions in Gemstones. Volume 2, pp. 662-722. Opinio Publishers, Basel, Switzerland, 829 p., ISBN 3-03999-029-2.

Hålenius, U., Skogby, H. & Andreozzi, G. (2002). Influence of cation distribution on the optical spectra of Fe3+-bearing spinels-hercynite crystals: evidence for electron transitions in VIFe2+-VIFe3+-clusters. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, Vol. 29, Issue 5 (June), pp. 319-330. abstract

Hyrsl, J. (2001). Gem News International: Spinel with clinohumite from Mahenge, Tanzania. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 37, No. 2 (Summer), pp. 144–145.

Kyaw Soe Moe (2011). Gem News International: Trapiche spinel from Mogok, Myanmar. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 47, No. 4 (Winter), pp. 329-330.

Litsarev, M.A., Platonov, A.N., Taran, M.N. & Polshin, E.V. (1980). A violet spinel from South-Western Pamir. In: Gems and Coloured Stones. Moscow, Nauka, pp. 211-220 (in Russian).

Malasy, A.K., Karampelas, S., Schwarz, D., Klemm, L., Armbruster, T. & Taun, D.A. (2012). Orangey-red to orangey-pink gem spinels from a new deposit at Lang Chap (Tan Huong-Truc Lau), Vietnam. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 37, pp. 19-27. abstract

Mao, H.K. & Bell, P.M. (1975). Crystal-field effects in spinel: oxidation states of iron and chromium. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 39, Issues 6–7 (June–July), p. 865, p. IN1, pp. 867-866-IN2-874. abstract

Quinn, E.P. (2004). Gem News International: Pink to pink-orange spinel from Tanzania. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 40, No. 1 (Spring), pp. 71-72.

Reed, J.S. (1971). Optical absorption spectra of Cr3+ in MgO·Al2O3 - MgO·3.5Al2O3 spinels. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 54, pp. 202-204. abstract

Sakurai, T., Ishigame, M. & Arashi, H. (1969). Absorption spectrum of Ni2+ ions in spinel. The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 50, pp. 3241-3245. abstract

Schmetzer, K. & Gübelin, E. (1980). Alexandrite-like spinel from Sri Lanka. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 1980, pp. 428-432.

Schmetzer, K., Haxel, C. & Amthauer, G. (1989). Color of natural spinels, gahnospinels and gahnites. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, Vol. 160, pp. 159-180.

Shigley, J.E. & Stockton, C.M. (1984). Cobalt-blue gem spinels. Gems & Gemology, Vol. 20, No. 1 (Spring), pp. 34-41.

Sidki, O. (2009). Le spinelle synthétique Verneuil en gemmologie. Diplôme d'Université de Gemmologie (DUG) Dissertation, University of Nantes, 36 p. (in French). Published on

Suwa, Y. (1993-2000). Gemstones - Quality & Value. Sekai Bunka Publishing, Inc., Tokyo, Japan. 3 Vols; Vol. 1 - 143 p., ISBN 4-418-99902-7; Vol. 2 - 144 p., ISBN 4-418-02902-8; Vol. 3 - 144 p., ISBN 4-418-01902-2.

Taran, M.N., Koch-Müller, M. & Feenstra, A. (2009). Optical spectroscopic study of tetrahedrally coordinated Co2+ in natural spinel and staurolite at different temperatures and pressures. American Mineralogist, Vol. 94, pp. 1647-1652. abstract American Mineralogist Tables of Contents

Vukanov, V.V., Platonov, A.N. & Taran, M.N. (1977). Colour of gem quality spinels from Kuhilal deposit. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, Vol. 5, pp. 565-571 (in Russian).

Wise, R.W. (2003). Secrets of the Gem Trade - The Connoisseur's Guide to Precious Gemstones. Brunswick House Press, Lenox, Massachusetts, USA, 274 p. ISBN 0-9728223-9-9.

Wood, D.L., Imbusch, G.F., MacFarlane, R.M., Kisliuk, P. & Larkin, P.M. (1968). Optical spectrum of Cr3+ in spinels. The Journal of Chemical Physics C - Solid State Physics, Vol. 48, No. 22, pp. 5255-5263. abstract


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